2nd U.S. division boulders

 
Inventory of the 2nd U.S. division boulders in France
INDIANHEAD

46740

2_Infantry_Div_SSI

Organisation of the 2nd U.S. division
  • 1st U.S.Army.
    • 5th  U.S Army Corps.
      • 2nd U.S. Division (Maj. Gal C.A. DOYEN, Maj. Gal J. A. LEJEUNE)
        • 3rd Infantry Brigade
          • 9th U.S. I.R.
          • 23th U.S.I.R.
          • 5th Machine Gun Battalion
        • 4th  Marine Brigade
          • 5th U.S.M.C.
          • 6th U.S.M.C.
          • 6th Machine Gun Battalion
        • 2nd Field Artillery Brigade
          • 12th U.S. Field A.R..
          • 15th U.S. Field A.R.
          • 17th U.S. Heavy.A.R.
          • 2nd U.S. Trench.Mortar Battery.
        • Division troops
          • 4th Machine Gun Battalion
          • 2nd Engineer Regiment
          • 1st Signal Battalion
          • Trains
History of the 2nd  U.S. division

 The 2nd Infantry division was first constituted on septembre 21st, 1917, in the regular Army. It was organised at Bourmont, Haute-Marne, on october 26th, 1917, where it implemented its training.

At the time of its activation, the division involved, 3rd Infantery Brigade, 4th Marine Brigade, 5th and 6th Machine Gun Battalions. The division spent its time in training during  winter 1917-1918.

Though judged unprepared, the division was committed to combat in spring 1918, in order to stop the Germans, in their Chemin des Dames drive toward Paris. The 2nd Infantry Division first fought in the Belleau wood which was entirely in the hands of the Marines, on june 26th, 1918.

On july 28th, 1918, Major General John A. LEJEUNE assumed the command of the 2nd Infantry Division.

After the Friedensturm drive, the Division supported the french counter-attack to reduce de Compiègne Salient, and fought in the area of Villers-Cotterêts and Soissons.

On september 12th, the Division was involved in the Saint-Mihiel drive led 100 %  by the Américan Army.

On septembre 26th, even though both American Armies were involved exclusively in the Meuse Argonne drive, the 2nd and 36th divisions were commited to support the French 4th Army in the Champagne drive, in direction of Blanc Mont. On October 3rd, the position was gained by both divisions.

On november 1st, 1918, the 2nd Division joined the Vth Army Corps and took part in the final phase of the Meuse Argonne drive.

Boulders of the 2e U.S.I.D. near Château-Thierry & Belleau Wood

1. Belleau wood-Bouresches
WGS : N 49° 04′ 34.5 » E 3° 17′ 48.1 »

Event : Furthest line reached by the 2nd U.S Division in its counter-attack on Belleau wood.

Note : This boulder was préviously sat at the entrance of the village of Belleau. WGS : N 49° 04′ 34.5 » E 3° 17′ 36.5 ». It was moved when the Memorial Church of the 26th U.S. Division was built.

2. Lucy-le-Bocage
WGS : N 49° 03′ 25.5 » E 3° 16′ 46.7 »

Event : The 2nd U.S. Division, sent urgently to stop the german advance toward Paris, reached Lucy-le-Bocage, June 1st, 1918. A defensive line was built both sides of the village, and held by the 5th and 6th USMC.

3. Cemetery  of the Belleau wood
WGS : N 49° 04′ 36.3 » E 3° 17′ 30 »

Event : Furthest line reached by the Brigade of Marine. Belleau wood entirely gained by the 4th Brigade of Marine, 2nd U.S. Division, June 26th, 1918.

4. Five hundred meters Northern of Bouresches
WGS : N 49° 03′ 57″ E 3° 18′ 33.4 »

Event : Bouresches gained by the 2nd battalion, 6th Marines, 2nd U.S. Division, June, 6th, 1918.

5. Essômes-sur-Marne, Le Thiolet
WGS : N 49° 02′ 22.7 » E 3° 18′ 56 »

Event : The boulder of Le Thiolet marks the right of the second division, June, 1st, 1918.

6. Parcy et Tigny, West of Tigny
WGS : N 49° 16′ 39 » E 3° 19′ 50 »

Event : The boulder marks the furthest advance of the 6th Marines, 2nd Division, July, 19th, 1918.

7. Villers Cotterêt to Soissons
WGS : N 49° 17′ 45.7 » E 3° 11′ 34.6 »

Event : This boulder marks the jump off to attak and to gain Verte Feuille Farm by the first and second battalions of the 5th Marines, July, 18th, 1918.

8. Essômes-sur-Marne, Vaux
WGS : N 49° 02′ 47.8 » E 3° 21′ 09 »

Event : The boulder in Vaux marks the furthest advance of the 9th Infantry and the gain of the town of Vaux, june, 6th, 1918.

9. One kilometer Northern of  Vierzy
WGS : N 49° 17′ 54 » E 3° 17′ 51 »

Event : The boulder marks  the furthest advance of the 23rd Infantry, 2nd Division, July, 18th, 1918.

Boulders of the 2nd U.S.I.D. in the Saint-Mihiel Salient

10. Between Limey and Remenauville
WGS : N 48° 53′ 49.7 » E 5° 53′ 57.1 »

Event : The boulder on the road D75, northern of Limey, marks the jump off point of the 2nd Division, September, 12th, 1918.

11. Between Thiaucourt and Jaulny
WGS : N 48° 58′ 07.2 » E 5° 52′ 10.5 »

Event : The boulder on the road D28 between Xammes and Jaulny, marks the location of the furthest advance of the 2nd Division, september, 12th, 1918

12. Between Xammes and Charey
WGS : N 48° 59′ 19.1 » E 5° 52′ 22.3 »

Event : The boulder on the road D28c between Xammes and Charey, marks the location of the furthest advance of the 2nd Division, September, 15th, 1918, before its relief by the 78th Division.

Boulders of the 2e U.S.I.D. near the Blanc Mont

13. Sommepy-Tahure, near the Church
WGS : N 49° 15′ 2.75 » E 4° 33′ 22.5′

Event : Some sources say that the boulder in Sommepy was préviously located North-Est of the Sommepy territory, at the point WGS :  N 49° 16’ 30.3’’ E 4° 34’ 57.7’’. The previous location would mark the center line of the Infantry brigade, 2nd division, the day of the jump off, october, 3rd, 1918.

Note :  The problem is : What event or interesting information does the boulder relate at its actual place ? The Sommepy position was previously held by the French 61st Division. The 2nd US Division did just the relief of the French, on October, 2nd. Nothing explains the position of the boulder at this place. Actually, there are three stars painted on the boulder, probably drawn by french people in memory of the headquarter of the 2nd Division located in Somme-Py.

14. Outlet of Sommepy, in direction of Saint-Étienne à Arnes
WGS : N 49° 15′ 27.6 » E 4° 32′ 52 »

Event : The boulder marks the right flank of the jump-off line of the Marine brigade, 2nd Division, October, the 3rd, 1918.

15. Between Saint-Étienne à Arnes and Blanc-Mont
WGS : N 49° 17′ 42.4 » E 4° 31′ 04.2 »

Event : The boulder marks the position reached by the 5th Marines, Octobre, 4th, 1918.

16. Saint-Étienne à Arnes
WGS : N 49° 18′ 48.6 » E 4° 29′ 52.7 »

Event : The boulder marks the furthest advance of the 6th Marines, October, 8th, 1918.

Boulders of the 2e U.S.I.D. in Meuse-Argonne

17. One kilometer Southern of Landres et Saint-Georges
WGS : N 49° 20′ 45.3 » E 5° 00′ 23.8 »

Event : The boulder on the road D4, marks the jump off point of the 2nd Division, in the final phase of the Meuse-Argonne drive, November, 1st, 1918.

18. Between Nouart and Buzancy
WGS : N 49° 20′ 58 » E 5° 12′ 50.7 »

Event : The boulder set up on Hill 313, marks the furthest point reached by the 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines, 2nd Division, November, 1st, 1918.

19. One kilometer and a half, Southern of  Beaumont en Argonne
WGS : N 49° 21′ 48.4 » E 5° 11′ 33.4 »

Event : The boulder marks the furthest advance of the 9th Infantry, 2nd Division, the night of November 3rd-4th, 1918.

20. Half kilometer Northern of  Letanne
WGS: N 49° 33′ 02.8 » E 5° 04′ 50 »

Event : The boulder set up on Hill 241, marks the furthest advance of the 2nd Division, November, 5th, 1918, after the withdrawal of the German units.

21. One kilometer, Sourthern of Villemontry
WGS : N 49° 34′ 17.2 » E 5° 04′ 30.5 »

Event : Crossing of the river Meuse by a detachment of 1st battalion, 5th Marines, on both footbridges erected by the 2nd Engineers, 2nd U.S. Division, November, 10th, 1918.

22. In the valley, Southern of Moulins-Saint-Hubert
WGS : N 49° 34′ 10.6 » E 5° 06′ 40 »

Event : S-E of Senegal Farm, farthest point reached by the Marine Brigade and elements of 1st battalion, 6th Infantry, the day of the Armistice, November, 11th, 1918.

23. One kilometer, South-East of Mouzon
WGS : N 49° 35′ 44.4 » E 5° 06′ 08.6 »

Event : Warmonterne farm and Bellefontaine farm, one kilometer southeast of mouzon, gained by the 2nd battalion of the 5th Marines, in the morning, on November, 11th, 1918.

24. Two kilometers North-West of Moulins-Saint-Hubert
WGS : N 49° 34′ 53 » E 5° 06′ 25.7 »

Event : Farthest point reached by a section of the 5th Marines, 2nd U.S.division, the day of the Armistice, November, 11th, 1918, 11 hours.


Sources :

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